Preventing and Treating Shock In A Survival Situation

Prevent and Treat Shock

Anticipate shock in all injured personnel. Treat all injured persons as follows, regardless of
what symptoms appear (Figure 4-5):
• If the victim is conscious, place him on a level surface with the lower extremities
elevated 15 to 20 centimeters.

• If the victim is unconscious, place him on his side or abdomen with his head turned
to one side to prevent choking on vomit, blood, or other fluids.

• If you are unsure of the best position, place the victim perfectly flat. Once the victim
is in a shock position, do not move him.

• Maintain body heat by insulating the victim from the surroundings and, in some
instances, applying external heat.

• If wet, remove all the victim’s wet clothing as soon as possible and replace with dry

• Improvise a shelter to insulate the victim from the weather.

• Use warm liquids or foods, a prewarmed sleeping bag, another person, warmed
water in canteens, hot rocks wrapped in clothing, or fires on either side of the victim
to provide external warmth.

• If the victim is conscious, slowly administer small doses of a warm salt or sugar
solution, if available.

• If the victim is unconscious or has abdominal wounds, do not give fluids by mouth.

• Have the victim rest for at least 24 hours.

• If you are a lone survivor, lie in a depression in the ground, behind a tree, or any
other place out of the weather, with your head lower than your feet.

• If you are with a buddy, reassess your patient constantly




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